Beginning of life decisions

  •  medical interruption of pregnancy
  •   reproductive technology

 End of life decisions

  •  withholding or withdrawing treatment
  •  controlling pain and suffering
  •  providing medically futile or inappropriate care

 Patient Rights

  •  refusing treatment
  •  demanding treatment
  •  living wills and other advance directives
  •   deciding for incapacitated patients

 Resource Allocation

  •  organ donation and transplantation
  •  blood transfusions

 Patient Confidentiality

  •  protecting patient privacy
  •  HIV infection
  •  sexually transmitted disease
  •  substance abuse